Cosmetics – is the study of methods and means of the prevention and treatment of diseases and elimination of cosmetic defects of the skin and hair, as well as the improvement of human appearance, in accordance with modern achievements of medical science. Cosmetic procedures include masks, skin purification, massage treatment, steam baths, paraffin applications, face…
steam spraying (Vapozon), darsonvalization.
Cosmetology – is the section of medical healthcare, developing means and measures aimed at human appearance improvement by means of concealment or elimination of skin defects, implementation of plastic surgery etc.
Cosmetic means are aimed at the control of aging processes (wrinkles, skin aging etc.).
Cosmetic procedures include masks, skin purification, massage treatment, steam baths, paraffin applications, face steam spraying (Vapozon), darsonvalization.
The main objectives of cosmetology are etho-treatment of facial skin and hair: seborrhea, acne, hair loss, pelade, skin depigmentation, hypertrichosis, skin benign conditions, (moles, verruga, papillomas etc.), freckles and wrinkles.
Besides, cosmetic means are intended to disguise some appearance defects or highlight separate face features.
Cosmetic means are subdivided into types in accordance with the skin treatment stage, for which it is being used. These are creams and lotions for purification and tonification, cleaning, softening, nourishment and protection of the skin. Also, cosmetic means can be divided into types depending on the skin type, to which it matches: normal, dry, combined, greasy, and problematic.
Creams and lotions consist of biologically active ingredients (such as vitamins, hormones, amino-acids, herbal extracts), that stimulate the cell exchange processes of the skin; moreover, other additives of special purpose are used when manufacturing cosmetics.
Amount the components included in the composition of cosmetic means special mention should go to abrasive, buffering, surfactant-active, antimicrobial, bleaching, binding and chelating substances, as well as moisture retaining and hair removal agents. In addition to the above mentioned means, the sphere of cosmetics uses various absorbents, antioxidants, antistatic agents, flavoring agents, biological additives, methylated spirits, conservants, contrasting agents, colorants, foaming and film-forming agents, pigments, oxidants, solvents, herbal components, skin regenerating ingredients, viscosity regulators, emollients and emulsifiers.
The following companies are considered as leading among the manufacturers of professional cosmetics: SkinCeuticals ® and Zo ® Skin.